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Web development

Web development is the building and maintenance of websites; it’s the work that happens behind the scenes to make a website look great, work fast and perform well for the best UX. The websites are developed to host via the intranet (a private network) or the internet (World Wide Web).

The web development process includes web design, web content development, client-side/server-side scripting and network security configuration, among other tasks. It ranges from creating plain text pages to complex web-based applications, social network applications and electronic business applications.

Web development is also known as website development.

Working in website development not only means constantly learning new languages and knowing when to use them, but, it also means learning more about marketing, requirements gathering and human-computer interaction.

Also Read : The future of human interaction with machines

Web developers do this by using a variety of coding languages. The languages they use depends on the types of tasks they are doing. Web development is generally broken down into frontend (the client side) and backend development (the server side).

A front-end developer takes care of layout, design and interactivity using HTML, CSS and JavaScript. They take an idea from the drawing board and turn it into reality. What you see and what you use, such as the visual aspect of the website, the drop down menus and the text, are all brought together by the front-end developer, who writes a series of programmes to bind and structure the elements, make them look good and add interactivity. These programmes are run through a browser.

The backend developer engineers what is going on behind the scenes. This is where the data is stored, and without this data, there would be no frontend. The backend of the web consists of the server that hosts the website, an application for running it and a database to contain the data. The backend developer uses computer programmes to ensure that the server, the application and the database run smoothly together. They need to analyse what a company’s needs are and provide efficient programming solutions. To do all this amazing stuff they use a variety of server-side languages, like PHP, Ruby, SQL, Python and Java.

Developers who can take care of both front-end and back-end are called full-stack developers. Full-stackers need to know how the web works on all levels, in order to determine how the client- and server-sides will relate.